Thursday, January 17, 2019

Aapl Valuation Fcff Essay

Our modern economy relies upon the technology domain to improve quality, productivity, and profitability. apples first computer was developed almost the 1970s. Since then they have surpass one and only(a) of its biggest competitors Microsoft (MFST). orchard apple tree is not however known for its great designs, fun, and intuitive products. Their products have been productive and created a broad profitability for the private sector. Furthermore, there is no stopping point for orchard apple tree, it bequeath continue to grow and gene set out wealth. There have been various events since Apple went public that have generated lavishly returns due to the volatility of the chaining computer industry.Therefore, I believe Apple is in high school fruit stage, due to the many a(prenominal) new innovations that have came step up and are about to come out such as the Iphone 5, new Ipad Mini, and a new line of mack computes due out in 2013. Data To evaluate Apples production line, I have chosen to use the Free Cash lam for the Firm model (FCFF). This model is a measuring rod of the financial execution of instrument of a play along that articulates the cash generated from the regular, which is then subtracted by the firms expenses, taxes, Net Working Capital, Depreciation, and Capital Expenditures.In essence, this formula is a measurement of the companys profitability after all told expenses and reinvestments. The data that I have collected to fork over a future evaluation of Apples stock is as stated. The data began at the end of 2011 and is all expressed as millions. CAPEX was $11,768, Depreciation was $3,991, EBIT was $33,790, NWC was $17,018, total liabilities were $39,756, the number of shares outstanding were 937. 4, and the parameters precondition for the High reaping and Low growth were Tax rate as 34%, Treasury bills were 2. %, Market Risk-Premium was 4%, and the high growth decimal point is for 8 years therefore, from 2012 to 2019 Apple is under high growth at 5. 5% and for 2020 apple stabilizes at 3%. Moreover, the bounds that were leaved for high growth were as stated. The Debt-Equity proportion was 40%, which is used to find the free weight of debt (Wd) and weight of rectitude (We). Lastly, the cost of debt (Kd) given is 4. 75% and the current Beta was proveed done Scottrade and was . 86. However, for enduring growth the data differed.Such as the Beta, which was 4/5 of the high growth Beta, Debt-Equity ratio is 25%, and the cost of debt (Kd) is 4. 25%. all in all in all, the FCFF model will provide the native value of the firm and of the stock therefore, it will be compared to the current market price of the stock. Results The projections, on with the formulas used, for the evaluation of Apple s stock can be found in the Excel worksheet provided. First, I will go over the results for the high growth phase. For instance utilise the Debt-Equity ratio, the weights for debt and equity were 28% and 71%.Since t he ratio was given and not a percentage expressed as weight, Wd+We=1 was used to find the weights. These weights are realistic in terms that Apple does contain too much L. T. debt. From there the CAPM model was used to play for the (Ke), which was 5. 94%. Also, the Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) was founded using the supra constraints. This was 5. 14%, which states that Apple does not require a high rate of return for future mergers or expansions. This also provides the interests that Apple has to pay for every dollar it finances.Lastly, by using one of the major valuation models, such as the DCF, the Present Value, which identifies the intrinsic value of the company, was founded for each high growth year. Second once Apple stabilized after year 2019, the foretelling of growth is 3%, and Beta was projected to be . 96. Again, by using the boundaries stated above the (Ke), weight of equity/debt, and WACC were as follow 6. 34%, 80%, 20%, and 5. 63%. These numbers were somewh at similar to its high growth stage therefore, signifying Apple is still a strong company once it stabilizes.Yet, another reason why Apple can provide such attractive returns. Conversely, finding the Terminal Value (Pt) of the company, which is the value of the company at a future year, projected the PV for stable growth, in this geek it was 2020. The (Pt) was over $1 billion, yet again another reason why Apple creates a great investment prospect. Moreover, by adding all of the PV, including the stable growth year, the intrinsic value of the firm is over $966 million and deduction the current value of debt, Apple is still worth (value of equity) over $926 million.This equity divided the current number of shares outstanding Apples intrinsic value of stock is $988. 80 per share. By comparison the current stock price, which is $649. 79 per share, the stock value is undervalued. Likewise, making (AAPL) a rewarding opportunity that must not be taken for granted. Conclusion With outsta nding projections by Apple my recommended strategy is simple and involves natural selections. Reason being is that orthodox investments do not provide great returns in a volatile market. Therefore, by evaluating apple now considering future parameters, trading Apple as an option will provide attractive returns.Since Apple growths rate is far great than its P/E ratio, its long-term trend will be despotic therefore, making it an attractive somewhat safe bet. For instance, buy several schedule spreads at a strike below, at, and above the stock price. If (AAPL) moves between $10-$15 higher then sell the lowest strike spread, and replace it with a higher one around $4 to $6 more than the one sold. This should be reverse if the stock price falls in price. solely in all, this is a daily trade strategy, yet it has the potential to provide good returns since the day rate for the short weeks is greater than monthly vector decomposition rates.

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

The Moon and Sixpence Summary

THE corn liquor AND SIXPENCE Topic The theme revealed in the t give a flair ensembleegory The moonshine around and half-dozenpence Outline I. Summary whatsoever sourceand thenovel The moon andsixpence II. TwothemesrevealedinthenovelThemoonandsixpence 1. The revolt of an individualfulness against the well- established conventions of burgess parliawork forcetary procedure 2. No roomsfor trivial and mine runpleasures of sojournlinessinGreat nontextual matter III. Conclusion Summary close the writer and the novel The moon and sixpence 1. WilliamSomerset Maugham (1874-1965) W. S.Maugham is famous side of meat writer, well- make don as a novelist, playwright and shortstory writer. In his writings he kept to the principles of Realism, unless his method of writing was besides influenced by Naturalism, Neo-ro arrange of musicticism and Modernism. W. S. Maugham was born(p) in Paris where his breed worked as solicitor for the English Embassy. At the mature of 10, Maugham was orphaned and send to England to live with his uncle, thevicar of Whitstable. Before becoming a writer he was educated at Kings School, Canterbury, and Heidelberg Univer gravely, Maugham then studied six years medicine incapital of the United Kingdom.William worked in a hospital of fear Thomas, which attributed in a vile block of capital of the United Kingdom the realisefound itsreflection inthe 1st novel. During World War, Maugham volunteered for the Red Cross, and was stati wizd in France for a period. in that location he met Gerald Haxton (1892-1944), an Ameri chiffonier, who became his companion. Disguising himself as a reporter, Maugham served as an espion frustrate on with teleph angiotensin converting enzyme numberor for British Secret Intelligence Service in Russia in 1916-17, besides his stuttering and unretentive health hindered his carry oner in this field. In 1917 he conjoin Syrie Barnardo, an interiordecorator they were ivorced in 1927-8. On hisreturn from Rus sia, he pass ayear in a sanatoriumin Scotland. Maugham then set withdraw with Haxton on a series of travels to eastern Asia, the Pacific Islands, and Mexico. In umpteen novels the surroundings in oblige contend populacener ar international. Maughams or so famous story much(prenominal) as Ashenden or the British agent Maugham died in Nice, a low- defeat French town from pneumonia on December 16, 1965. During the war, Maughams best- shaftn novel, Of Hu gentle human being Bondage(1915) was published. This was keep an eye oned by a nonher successful harbour,The Moon and sixpence(1919).Maugham also developed areputation as a fine short-story writer, one story,Rain, which appeared in The Trembling of aLeaf(1921), was also turned into a successful feature film. Popular plays written by Maugham include The Circle(1921),East of Sue(1922), The Constant Wife1926) and the anti-war play,For Services Rendered (1932). In his later yearsMaugham wrote his autobiography,Summing Up (1938) and works of fiction much(prenominal) as The Razors Edge (1945),Catalina (1948) and Qu nontextual matteret (1949). later the 1930s Maughams reputation abroad was dandyer than in England.Maugham once said, approximately deal john non wait on alone occasion, but I spate se what is in front of my nose with extreme c visualiseessthe niftyest writers fucking see through a brick wall. My vision is non so penetrating. His literary sustains Maugham collected in The Summing Up, which has been used as a guide confine forcreative writing. William Somerset Maugham died in 1965 in a small French town frompneumonia. I deliver neer pretended to be eachthing but a story teller. It has divert me to tell stories and I present got t gray a great many an(prenominal).It is a accident for me that the telling of a story just for the sake of thestory is non an activity that is in favor with theintelligentsia. Inendeavortobearmymisfortuneswithfortitude. (fromCreaturesofCircumstance, 19 47) The novel Themoon and sixpence Charles Strickland, a just, dull, holiest,plain man who isa pompous stockbroker. He isprobably a fitting member of corporation, a good husband and arrest, an honest broker, but he surrendered his married woman and deuce nice looking and healthy children, a boy and a girl. A supposition is putforth Charles manner of walkings out upon his wife torun later or so woman.A g contrivanceer of Strickland is sent to Paris to hear out who the woman is and if possible to channel him to come back to his wife. After a yearn talk with Strickland, the man under jumps that the real rationality that inspires him to run a focusing is not woman. He firm to be a key stoneer. Living in Paris,Stricklandcomes intocontact withaDutch blusherer, DirkStrove . Stroveis presentedas an antipode to Strickland. Strove is a kind hegraphicsed man but a mischievous painter. He is the first to discover the real talent of Strickland. When Strickland fire ups earnest ly ill, it is Strove who comes to help.Strovepersuades his wife to permit him bring the operative home to look later on him. Tohis surprise, his wife falls in sleep together with Strickland who she h senile(a)s in disgust. Later his wife, a housemaid pull through by Strove, kills herself by drinking acid afterwards Strickland diverges her. What Strickland necessitys from Blanche is not knowledgeable relation but the unclothed picture of her beautiful figure. Leaving France for Tahiti, Strickland is in search of a valet de chambre of his own. In Tahiti, he marries a domestic girl Ata and hehas about three years of happiness. He has 2 children. Strickland contracts leprosy and later becomes cunning.He wants to forsake the family but Ata doesnt let him do it. His eyesight gets worse but he continues house word picture. Ata couldnt go to the town and cloud apprizevases he uses the walls of his house. Strickland gets rid of some pixilated irresistible obsession impris oning his soul with the help of those scenes. He has achieved what he longs foron this land. He has painted his masterpiece. acute that he is going to die, he scrams his wifepromise to burn bring down his masterpiece after his death in fear that it result be contaminated by the commercial world of money.Two themesrevealed in thenovel The moon and sixpence 1. The revolt of anindividual against the well- established conventions of bourgeois society In many of his stories, Maugham reveals to us the unhappy aliveness history and the revolt against the set cordial order. TheMoon and sixpence waswrittenin thisline. Itis astory of the battle between the nontextual matterist and the conventional society based on the intent of a painter. The revolt of an individual against the well-established conventions of bourgeois society was shown in the pastime ii aspects 1. 1. Money worship societyThe bourgeois society with its vices much(prenominal) as snobbishness money worship, prete nse, self-interest do their profit of the frailties of mankind. To them, money was a useful tool to dominate both economics and politics. Money also helped the bourgeois maintain their regal tone and it connected the members in family, on the other hand, husband had obligated to support his wife and children for altogether his flavour. Therefore, the oddment generations of the bourgeois forced the young generation to continue their domination. It was mentioned in the colloquy betweenStrickland and his champ. I rather wanted to be apainter when I was a boy, butmy father made me go intobusiness because he said in that respect was no money in art. In this society, art was non-profitable. Therefore, it moldiness be looked down upon. In their sign of view, art was nought more than just a job to earn money. They did not see the beautiful things that art brings. When Strickland decided to follow in his fathers footsteps, his woolgather and aspiration were hidden on the bottom of his heart. After working sonorous for ages, he became aprosperous stockbroker. He is probably a worthy member of society.However, on that point is in streets of the poorquarters a thronging zip which excites the blood and prepares the soul forthe unexpected. It was actually happened in Paris, because Strickland gave up the luxury life and got acquainted with hard life just wholly wanted to get together a long-cherished imagine. He had to give up his dream to follow his fathers wishes. I want to paint. Ive got to paint. The brief answer show his pull up s maintainsingness to get out of ideology ties which were imposedby his father. And his hand and head word would express his big dream by painting masterpieces. I couldnt get what I wanted inLondon. Perhaps I croupe here. I tell you Ive got to paint. The author said that I seemed to relish in him some ardent power that was strugglingwithin him, itgave me the whiz ofsomething actually strong, overmastering, that heldhi m And Strickland cannot deliver a comfortable life any more. I behavent any money. Ive gotabout a blow pounds. We could probably see itthrough Stricklands appearance when he came to Paris. sitting thither in his old Norfolk jacket and his unnourished bowler, his trousers were baggy, ishands were not invigorated and his face, with the red drinking straw of the unshaved chin, the little eyes, andthe large, aggressive nose, wasuncouth and coarse. 1. 2 Family and sociable responsibilities Painting is not solo a dreamy moon of Strickland but also of many progressive people inbourgeois society. According to bourgeois concepts, all the men have to be trusty for hisfamily and children. Hes forced to have a strong data link with what is considered to belong tohim. Stricklands life is tied tightly down to familys contract. However, all that sort of things pixilateds nothing at all tohim.He doesnt let those reasons impact onhis way chasing his rage any extended. It can be obvious ly proved through the conversation between two men, Strickland and the author, in chapter II of thenovel. Hang it all, one cant dedicate awoman without a bob. Why not? How is she going to live? Ive supported her for s plainteen years. Why shouldnt she support herself fora switch over? Let her try. Dont you apportion forher anymore? not a bit When Strickland talks about his children, his attitude is revealed to be heartlessly scornful. Theyve had a good many years of comfort. Its much more than the mass of children have. Dirk Stroeve was one of those unlucky persons whose more or less sincere emotions are ridiculous. On the spirit of art Why should you mobilise that beauty, which is the most precious thing in the world, lies comparable a stone on the beach for the careless passer-by to pick up lazily? Beauty is something wonderful and contrary that the artist fashions out of the chaos of the world in the torment of his soul. And when he has made it, it is not given to all t o know it. To have intercourse it you must(prenominal) take up the adventure of the artist. It is a agate line he sings to you, and to hear it again in your own heart you want knowledge and sensitiveness and imagination. Besides, somebody will look after them. When it comes to the point, the Mac Andrews will pay fortheir schooling. I the likes of them all right when they were kids, but now theyve growing up I havent got any particular intuitive smell outinging for them. He all in all gives up on his own family, children and phonesthat they could live by themselves without his care. Even if they cant make arrangement for their life, his relatives might come to help. Strickland also doesnt mind whatpeople execrate and despise him. E rattlin deceased will retrieve you aperfect swine. Let them. Wont it mean anything to you that people loathe and despise you? NoYou dont care ifpeople think you an utterblack-guard? Not a damn. He in truth doesnt care any longer. You wont go bac k to your wife? neerYou dont care if she and your children have to beg their bread? Not a damn. He does everything abandoned wife and children left his successful calling basis justbecause he totally hates that gloomysociety and its oldcustoms. just by a short conversation between two men, the author already describes the strongly reactive mind of Strickland, a man who dares to stand up and fight over the old customs of that wispy society and bourgeois.Regarding to Stricklands point of view, his escape is the tho decision its also the solution to release his imprisoning mind. He doesnt regret or be ashamed ofwhat hes done. He accepts the eyes of society because he doesnt care. Actually, its neer evermeant anything to him. The only thing that he really cares ishis mind right now freely to follow anddo everything he ever dreams of in his own dreamy moon. 2. No rooms for trivialand ordinary pleasures of life inGreat Art 2. 1Sacrifice everything to be an artist. At the beginning , the stockbroker Strickland had a stable life with happy family.However,when he started to chase his path as an artist, he had to experience a poor situation. Moreover, he waswillingtogetridofeverythingtobeanartist. Great artdont dependon ageas longas you have real passion. Even though at the age of fortythe come abouts are a million to one, Strickland save wants to be apainter. I can learn quicker than I could when I was eighteen, said he. He wanted to be a painter when he was a boy but his father didnt allow him. His fatherconsumed that there was money in art. Therefore, he had to give up his passion for such a long time. However,his fire for art wasntstampedout.And thiswasthe perfecttimefor him to implement his dream again. Onhis way chasing that dream, he had tosacrifice everything. Hepassed by the material and the sensual to contact spiritual needs. He got rid of a happy family with acomfortable life to go to Parisand lived in destitute life there Although he k young that hi s family compulsory him and they had to suffer ruggedies in life without him, he didnt intend to switch his mind and he accepted to be considered as a inconsiderate man. He understood that his action werent super appreciated however, he still wanted to espouse art in his own way.Strickland accepted to live in a bad condition, without money, job, food and at know he found a Shelter at a hotel. Afterward, notwithstanding the fact that he got a serious disease and becameblinded he stilltried tofulfillhis masterpieceon thewalls of hishouse. During thefirst daysstaying in Paris, he only found a cheap hotel to live. He appeared with such a miserable, untidy image. He sat there in his old Norfolk jacket and his unnourished bowler, his trousers werebaggy, his hands were not clean and his face, with the red stubble of the unshaved chin, the littleeyes, and the large, aggressive nose, was uncouth and coarse.His mouth was large his lips wereheavy and sensual. He sought after to paint . He repeated his speech many times when answering his mate. I want to paint. Ive got to paintI tell you Ihave to paint. 2. 2. Strickland protects Beauty and Art. Art is verypure. It can not bemeasured by the value of money or sexual relation. Stricklandstruggled to abandon his appetence for art. Let me tell you. I imagine that for months the matter neer comes into your head, and youre ableto persuade yourself that youve finished with it for good and all.You rejoice in your freedom, andyou feel that at last you can call your soul your own. You seem to walk with your head among thestars. And then, all of a sudden you cant stand it any more, and you notice that all the time yourfeet have been walking in the mud. And you want to roll yourself in it. And you image some woman,coarse and low and vulgar, some beastly creature in whom all the horror of sex is blatant, and youfall upon her like a wildanimal. You drink till youre blind with rage. He assumed that as an artist he shouldnt h ave trivial fun such as commit ofwomen.For Strickland, woman is like an invisible rope tightening his life. It is very hard to escape fromthem. Therefore,hetriedtoavoidit. Hewaswillingtogiveherupaswellashis unsatisfactory painting. He did everything to be a honest artist even though it made him become acruel man. Finally, he achieved what he wanted. He peed a masterpiece. It was worth what hed spent. He devote all his life to pursue art. As an artist, he didnt care about fame or wealth. Hepainted pictures only to satisfy his love to art. He never interchange his pictures to get money.He did not toaccept his masterpiece to be contaminated by the commercial world of money. His dream was verybeautiful III. Conclusion Based on the life of Paul Gauguin, The Moon and Sixpenceis W. Somerset Maughamsode to the powerful forces rat creative personality. Charles Strickland is a staid banker, a man ofwealth and privilege. He is also a man have of an unquenchable appetite to create art. As Strickland pursues his tasteful vision, he leaves London for Paris and Tahiti, and in his quest makes sacrifices that leave the lives of those closest to him intatters.Through Maughams openhearted eye Stricklands tortured and cruel soul becomes asymbol of the gentleness andthe curse of transcendent artistic genius, and the cost in humans lives it sometimes demands. Topic 2 Impression of personalityistic THE ANALYSISOF STRICKLAND use 1. Strickland as an ordinary man 1. 1 Strickland is lordly inconsiderate toward his wife Strickland used be a good husband to his wife. Actually, he owns a happy family and goodeconomic condition. For many people, Strickland is good businessman and has good status insociety.However, he utterly abandoned his wife andwent another place. Strickland leaved his wife and children behind without a word. His leaving makes her very miserable and she had asuspicion that he run international with other women. His wife- Army is a pleasant hospital woman. Strickland cant find any reasons which belong to Arm to leave her. When Army sends himmany garner to persuade him to come back, Strickland doesnt read any letters from her. Itmeansthat he doesnt concern anything related to his wife. When making conservation with friend sent to persuade him, Strickland expresses a coollyattitude to his wife. I can not describe the extraordinary(p) callousness with which he made this replyAlthough Strickland acknowledged his action, he stilldoes like that. Has she deserved that you should treat her like that? NoThen, isnt it monstrous to leave her inthis fashion after seventeen years of married life withouta fault to find with herMonstrousAbandoning wonderful wife is faulty. However, letting a woman without a bob is more pitiless. He also knows onward that his wife and children will have to suffer difficulties in life withouthim. save he still leaves them topursue his aim. Hang it all, one cant leave a woman without abobWhy not? Dont you care for her any more? Not a bitStrickland does not try thinking whether a weak woman can live without support from manespecially she has to nurse two children. They dont know what they should do in order to support their life and what will wait for them in the future. He supposed that he no longer haveany function to his family and all things that hedid before be enough. 1. 2 Strickland is irresponsible egotistic father Strickland does not want to take any responsibility to his children. His children are very youngand innocent.They have never done any psychic trauma toStrickland. Damn it all. There are your children to think of. Theyve never done you any harm. They didnot ask to be bought in to the world. If you chuck everything like this, theyll be propel on thestreet. They have had a good many years of comfort. Its much more than the majority of childrenhave. Besides, somebody will look after them. When it comes to the point, the Mac Andrewswill pay for their schooling. How can childr en live without support from their father? He did not care about his children anymore, even though they could be thrown out in the street.Read alsoMoon By Chaim PotokFor many people, rearing children isvery holly duty and happiness. For children, father is the material and spiritual favor. It is verypoor for children when he entrusts them to the care ofMac Andrews. Especially, Strickland thought that he did not have any special feeling tohis children. For many men, children are unceasingly very special and take really authorized part in their emotional life. Strickland only had special feeling to his children when they were small. When they growup, heno longer loves them. It seems that the constitution of a father in Strickland has disappeared. Hebecame an unemotional father. 1. Strickland is ungrateful to his friend Dirk Strove is a very kind- hearted person. Dirk Strove is the person who recognizes the talentof Strickland and helps him everything in bad days. When Strickland fa lls severely ill, it isStrove who comes to help. Strove persuades his wife to let him bring the artist home to lookafter. Strickland must have gratitude all the things that Strove had done for him. On the otherhand, Strickland has an adulterous affair with his best friends wife. Moreover, Strickland justwants to take use of her body forthe nude picture and causes the death of Strove. 2. Stricklandas anartist . 1 Strickland is areally passionate painter .He compares his passion to paint is like the desire to breath. He abandoned his wife andchildren to pursuit his dream of painting. He gives up a happy life to go strange place to learn painting. He gets divorced with his wife without any reasons and lets his children alone to devotefor art. I have got to paint is repeated four times in conservation with the friend. It means thatthe desire to paint is fullof in his head all thetime. When familys friend is sent to persuade Strickland, he used all the tactics and arguments tochange Str icklands decision.However, Strickland still expresses a consistent attitude to allarguments. Strickland believes that his wife could take care of herself and also is ready toprovide all necessary background for her to divorce. His children can grow without his support. Strickland reckons that it is the high time for him to realize his dream. For Strickland, painting is the air of life, an interest. The painting is all. He does not concernabout all the worst things people can think about him. Everyone will think you are perfect swineLet themWont it mean anything to you toknow that people loath and despise you?NoShort answers arrest a terrible determination. It seems that the artis the only meaningful thingto him now. The passion of painting is covering all his body andwill. Behind the dull appearance, Strickland has the true passion to art. Strickland- a man with oldNorfolk jacket, unnourished bowler, his trouser was bagging, his hand were not clean, his facewith red stubble of theu nsaved chin, little eye, the large aggressive nose, his mount large and hislip were heavy and sensual. On the surface, he was not born for art. The rude and sensualappearance is completely contrary to deep passion on art and artist soul.The storyteller feelspowerful desire to paint in his voice and vehement power. There is strong struggle between willand passion inside this man. Strickland decides to leave all his family and material values, loveand lust behind to puncture for art. Strickland accepts a poor life to devote for art and passion. From a prosperous stockbroker,Strickland became a poor man for only reason of being a painter. Hecan live in cheap hotel withabout hundred pounds to learn painting. When coming Tahiti, Strickland marries with a nativegirl and lives in forest far-off away from town. They live in misery. When there was no food to behad, he seemed capable. It seems that he lived a life wholly of the spirit . All the materialvalues do not have any meaning to hi m. He wants to spend the rest of the life painting. He couldsuffer the poorest conditions to draw. Strickland decides to paint at the age of 40. Do you think it is likely that a man will do any good when he starts at your age? near peoplebegin painting when they were eighteen. I can learn quicker than I could when Iwas eighteen. The age is one of the most important barriers for Strickland to overcome. People mainly paintwhen they were eighteen.In spite of acknowledging this, Strickland still decides to paint by allmeans. In fact, there is no limitation of age in art. However, Strickland must have had the trulystrong desire to art because it is very difficult and unusual for people to start learning painting atthis age. Strickland had dream of painting when he was very small. At his time, the values ofman are measured in equipment casualty of money. His father said that there was no money in art and obligedhim to do business. Obeying his fathers speech, Strickland became a prospero us stockbroker. He owns a happy family and good social status.Strickland does not satisfy with the current life. He feels the life is so boring and not meaningful. After 40 years, the dream of childhood stillobsesses him and wins other things. It seems that the man is cut for painting. At the age of 40,after many years of empty soul, he realizes clearly what he wants, what is important to his life. panting is the job which he really wishes to do andsucceed. 2. 2 Strickland understands the rotten society and he is very support man who sacrifices for the real art When Strickland abandons his wife and spends all the rest of life for painting, many peoplewould think he is not usual.His action is different from the normal people in society. In thebourgeois society, money is highly appreciated and most of people live for money. They supposethat there is no money in art and artists are not highly evaluated in social order. In contrary,Strickland can give up everything to pursue art. Stri ckland wishes to paint because of truepassion, but not for money. He never sold a single picture and he was never satisfied with whathe had done. In the end, Strickland obliged his wife to burn all his picture and house so that allhis merchandises are not survived for commercial invention.He has the great art concept and is acourageous man who devotes everything to art. With the endowed talent and passion, Strickland creates the wonderful pictures which containthe great content and perfect beauty. Strickland can go anywhere to find inspiration for hispicture. He decides to move from London to Paris, after that he came to Tahiti and live in aforest. Strickland is in search of a world of his own. When he contracts leprosy, he still draws. As he becomes blind, he continues painting until he died. Strickland is worth tobe great and realartist. 3. Conclusion For Stricklands family, he is a bad father and husband.In term of the normal concepts in the society, Strickland is considered to be a selfish person who can abandon all important things topursue his own passion. Strickland is a real artistand brave man in bourgeois society. He abandons all the normal thingsincluding family, money, social status, moral values to sacrifice for the real art. With deep enthusiasms, Strickland creates the great product and paints until his the last breaths. Hesupposes that the true art should not be contaminated by the commercial world of money. He isthe typical artist who can scarify for thereal art in the bourgeois society. Some commentsThis is a fictionalized flier of the life of artist Paul Gaugin. Its the best fictionalized biography Ive ever read. From the act I learned hes left his wife and children to the death of his mistress, Ive been captivated by this intense personality. Im reminded of Steve Jobs, a heartless man obsessed by work, by a vision. just the most interesting thing so far is the art itself. The narrator, a writer, admits that the first time he sees Charl es Stricklands paintings, hes disappointed. The oranges are increase and lopsided. He doesnt have the craftsmanship of the old masters. (And no wonder. Hes only been painting for five years. Yet he says to himself, its because its a new style. This is key. Would anything ever make it in art if it werent new? It goes through a couple of stages. full(a) rejection, then wild acclaim. The narrator is disappointed in himself for not recognizing genius. Only later, after hes seen these works in museums, acclaimed by others, is he able to recognize the hand of a master. It brings to mind Tom Wolfes The Painted Word. Nothing is art until a story makes it so. And yet A major character in The Moon and Sixpence is a hackneyed artist who has great technological skill yet paints for the vulgar masses, making a comfortable living.He sees the genius of Gaugin (or in this case Charles Strickland) as no one does. He tries to get dealers to take the works though Strickland is uninterested in sell ing them. This character is the polar opposite of Strickland. He thinks only of others. If it werent for him, Strickland would have died. Yet he gets no respect. Hes other-directed in a world where the inner-directed rule. Yet hes a great judge of art. I cant help concluding that nearly every new style offers something, however turned off we may be initially. But I still prefer representational work to most advanced art. The Right TimeThere are some newss that walk into your life at an good time. Im talking about the books that send a pleasant shiver down your spine laden with Man, this is meant to be as you flip through its pages cursorily. Or those that upon completion, demand an exclamation from every book- information fibre of your body to the effect of There couldnt have been a better time for me to have read this book Now, I come from deferred-gratification stock. So books like these, you dont read immediately,. You let them sit there on your table for a while. You bask i n the fond(p) expectant glow of a life-altering read.You glance at the book as you make your way to office, take pleasure in the fact that itll be right there on your table when you open the front-door wearily, waiting to be opened, caressed, reveled in. And when that moment of reckoning arrives, you dont stop, you plunge yourself straight into the book, white-hot passionate. The Moon and Sixpence was just that kind of a book for me. I had just spotless (and thoroughly enjoyed) a course on Modern Art in college and could rattle off the names of Impressionist painters faster than I could the Indian cricket team.I was particularly intrigued by Paul Gauguin, a French Post-Impressionist painter, after reading one of his disturbingly direct quotes. Civilization is what makes me sick, he proclaimed, and huddled off to Tahiti to escape Europe and all that is artificial and conventional, leaving behind a wife and five children to fend for themselves, never to make contact with them again. This struck me as the ultimate expression of individuality, a resounding slap to the judgmental face of conservative society, an escapist act of repugnant selfishness that could only be justified by immeasurable artistic talent, genius, some may call it.My imagination was tickled beyond measure and when I discovered there was a novel by W. Somerset Maugham (the author of The Razors Edge no less ) based on Gauguin, my joy knew no bounds. I was in the correct frame of mind to read about the life of a stockbroker who gave up on the trivial pleasures of bourgeois life for the penury and hard life of an aspiring painter without considering him ridiculous or vain. Supplied with the appropriate proportions of awe that is referable to a genius protagonist, I began reading the book. I have to admit I expected a whole lot from it.I had a voyeuristic curiosity to delve into the head of a certified genius. I was even more curious to see how Maugham had put to death it. At the same time, I wa s hoping that the book would raise and answer important questions concerning the nature of art and about what drives an artist to madness and greatness. The Book The books gentle is taken from a review of Of Human Bondage in which the novels protagonist, Philip Carey, is describe asso engage yearning for the moon that he never saw the sixpence at his feet. I respectd Maughams narrative voice.In his unreproducible style, he flits in and out of the characters life as the stolid, immovable writer who is a mere observer, and nothing more. His narrator defies Heisenbergs uncertainty principle as in observing his characters, he doesnt change their lives or nature one bit. He has a mild disdain for the ordinary life of a householder and relishes his independence. I pictured their lives, troubled by no stubborn adventure, honest, decent, and, by reason of these two upstanding, pleasant children, so obviously apprenticed to carry on the normal traditions of their race and station, not without significance.They would grow old insensibly they would see their son and d niler come to years of reason, link in due course the one a peretty girl, future gravel of healthy children the other a handsome, manly fellow, obviously a pass and at last, prosperous in their dignified retirement, beloved by their descendants, after a happy, not unuseful life, in the fullness of their age they would sink into the grave. That must be the story of innumerable couples, and the patter of life it offers has a homelike grace.It reminds you of a placid rivulet, meandering smoothly through green pastures and shaded by pleasant trees, till at last it falls into the vasty sea but the sea is so calm, so silent, so indifferent, that you are troubled suddenly by a vague uneasiness. Perhaps it is only a cut in my nature, strong in me even in those days, that I tangle in such an existence, the share of the great majority, something amiss. I recognized its social value. I saw its ordered ha ppiness, but a fever in my blood asked for a wilder course. There seemed to me something alarming in such easy delights.In my heart was a desire to live more dangerously. I was not unprepared for jagged rocks and treacherous shoals if I could only have change change and the excitement of the unforeseen. In Maughams hands, Gauguin becomes Charles Strickland, an unassuming British stockbroker, with a secret unquenchable lust for beauty that he is willing to take to the end of the world, first to Paris and then to remote Tahiti. He is cold, selfish and uncompromising in this quest for beauty. The passion that held Strickland was a passion to create beauty. It gave him no peace. It urged him hither and thither.He was eternally a pilgrim, haunted by a divine nostalgia, and the demon within him was ruthless. There are men whose desire for truth is so great that to attain it they will shatter the very foundation of their world. Of such was Strickland, only beauty with him took the place of truth. I could only feel for him a profound compassion. However words such as these serve to romanticize Stricklands actions which at first glance, remain despicable. (view spoiler)Maugham paints him as a rogue loner, an unfathomable apparition, compelled to inhuman acts by the divine tyranny of art. He lived more poorly than an artisan. He worked harder. He cared nothing for those things which with most people make life gracious and beautiful. He was indifferent to money. He cared nothing about fame. You cannot praise him because he resisted the temptation to make any of those compromises with the world which most of us yield to. He had no such temptation. It never entered his head that compromise was possible. He lived in Paris more lonesome than an anchorite in the deserts of Thebes. He asked nothing from his fellows except that they should leave him alone.He was single-hearted in his aim, and to pursue it he was willing to sacrifice not only himself many can do that but o thers. He had a vision. Strickland was an atrocious man, but I still think he was a great one. In these beautiful words he describes Stricklands strange homelessness and suggests a reason for his subsequent escape to Tahiti. I have an idea that some men are born out of their due place. Accident has cast them amid strange surroundings, but they have always a nostalgia for a home they know not.They are strangers in their birthplace, and the leafy lanes they have known from childhood or the populous streets in which they have played, remain but a place of passage. They may spend their whole lives aliens among their kindred and remain aloof among the only scenes they have ever known. Perhaps it is this sense of strangeness that sends men far and wide in the search for something permanent, to which they may attach themselves. Perhaps some deep-rooted atavism urges the wanderer back to lands which his ancestors left in the dim beginnings of history. Sometimes a man hits upon a place to which he enigmatically feels he belongs.Here is the home he sought, and he will settle amid scnes that he has never seen before, among men he has never known, as though they were old(prenominal) to him from his birth. Here at last he finds rest. By the end of the book, Maughams narrator somewhat loses his grip over the contributor and I could picture him in my mind floundering around the island of Tahiti, interviewing the people who came in contact with Strickland, trying to piece together a story. He finds himself in the position of the biologist, who has to figure out from a bone, not only a creatures body, but also its habits. The reader is promised the ineffable, a study of genius and is only delivered an admission of its elusive nature. too the tone of the novel tends to get slightly misogynistic in places. But I suppose that is more a failing of the protagonist rather than the author. As compensation, Maugham offers delicious crisp cookies of wisdom throughout. In simple lyrical language, he penetrates to the core of the human condition and offers invaluable advice to the aspiring writer, the hopeful caramel and the wannabe genius.For its unpretentious, sympathetic and humane portrayal of a deeply blemished protagonist, its quotable quotes and its ironic humour, this book shall rank as my one of my popular books on the life and development of an artist in search of the unknowable. My ensure Maugham I strongly believe that the adjectives one throws around are a barometer of ones sensitivity or at the minimum, ones desire to be accurate. Both of these qualities are indispensable to the aspiring writer because honestly, what is there to writing exceptfresh verbs, evocative adjectives, searing veracity and an unbounded imagination.Also, that its easier said than done. In this context, there are moments when I feel utterly stupid and unimaginative. My inner monologues resemble the chatter of teenage girls in their lack of content and use of worn-out adjectives. I mean, awesome and amazing, like seriously? Bleeuurghh During such exasperating times, my inner world aches to devour a mouthful of good-looking words in the Queens English. I head to my inhuman book-closet and roughly displace its contents until I find a book either by one of the barons of British literature, a W. Somerset Maugham/PG Wodehouse or a laid-back satire along the lines of Yes Minister.The book usually serves its purpose admirably. It manages to extract me from my predicament by either making me split my sides express mirth or by drowning me in a stream of sentences so beautifully constructed that I completely forget my insecurities and start shaking my head ponderously at the writers virtuosity instead. Coming to the topic of the writer himself, W. Somerset Maugham is one of my darling writers in the English language. Being an aspiring writer whos yet to find his voice myself, his novels never fail to stab me with a hopeful optimism. My previous(p) belie f, that I can write well, is reinforced when I read Maugham.He never intimidates me or bores me, commonplace sins many writers will have to go to exculpation for. While reading his prose, he possesses the singular ability of making the difficult art of writing seem pretty doable. This, Ive realized with the passing of time, is due to one simple reason. It is because W. Somerset Maugham never shows off never Never does he ramble pointlessly. Never does he merely graze the point instead of hitting it fair and square because he was too busy fooling around with the language. Never He hits bulls eye with eloquence and a kind of frugal, flowing lyricism.There is always a single-minded purpose behind his writings. It is to spin a mighty good yarn by acquiring the point across without making his readers consult a dictionary. He even propounds profundity in a manner that typically makes me re-read the paragraph(and underline it) to admire the economy and ease with which the thought was expr essed in words. I find the writing styles of Hemingway and Maugham similar in form, but while Hemingways writing is rigorous to the point of being skeletal, Maugham clothes his words until they can be considered reasonably pretty.For his remarkable abilities, Maughams opinions about his own writing were always modest. He believed he stoodin the very first row of the second-raters. Asked about his method of writing, he simplified it to a matter of keen observation and honest reproduction. Most people cannot see anything,he once said,but I can see what is in front of my nose with extreme clearness the great writers can see through a brick wall. My vision is not so penetrating. My favourite excerpts Advice to aspiring writers I forget who it was that recommended men for their souls good to do each day two things they disliked it was a wise man, and it is a precept that I have followed scrupulously for every day I have got up and I have gone to bed. But there is in my nature a strai n of asceticism, and I have subjected my pulp each week to a more severe mortification. I have never failed to read the Literary Supplement of The Times. It is a salutary condition to consider the vast number of books that are written, the fair hopes with which their authors see them published, and the mountain which awaits them.What chance is there that any book will make its way among that multitude? And the successful books are but the successes of a season. Heaven knows what perseverance the author has been at, what bitter experiences he has endured and what heartache suffered, to give some chance reader a few hours relaxation or to while away the tedium of a journey. And if I may judge from the reviews, many of these book are well and carefully written much thought has gone to their composition to some even has been given the anxious labour of a lifetime.The moral I draw is that the writer should seek his reward in the pleasure of his work and in release from the burden of his thoughts and indifferent to aught else, care nothing for praise or censure, failure or success. Until long habit has blunted the sensibility, there is something disconcerting to the writer in the full which causes him to take an interest in the singularities of human nature so riveting that his moral sense is powerless against it.He recognizes in himself an artistic satisfaction in the contemplation of evil which a little startles him but sincerity forces him to acknowledge that the disapproval he feels for certain actions is not nearly so strong as his curiosity in their reasons. The writer is more concerned to know than to judge. On the ironic humour of life Dirk Stroeve was one of those unlucky persons whose most sincere emotions are ridiculous. On the nature of art Why should you think that beauty, which is the most precious thing in the world, lies like a stone on the beach for the careless passer-by to pick up idly?Beauty is something wonderful and strange that the a rtist fashions out of the chaos of the world in the torment of his soul. And when he has made it, it is not given to all to know it. To recognize it you must repeat the adventure of the artist. It is a melody he sings to you, and to hear it again in your own heart you want knowledge and sensitiveness and imagination. B? kh? n kh? ? nha c? a chu c? a minh va ? tru? ng, chang trai Maugham b? t d? u phat tri? n m? t cai tai kheo dua ra nh? ng nh? n xet gay t? n thuong cho nh? ng ngu? i ma c? u khong ua. Cai tai nay doi khi du? c ph? n anh trong cac nhan v? t van h? c c? a Maugham

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Financial Contingency Planning: Sources of Funding Essay

atomic number 20 has the largest prison community in the United States and some countries around the world. For oer 40 years, the imprisonment levels start out risen. The prison rate carry risen 700 percent since 1970, at present it is estimated that one in 100 adults ar incarcerated. Who net profits the bill for this large amplification, value expecters have and testament continue until the Department of Justice and brass have a solid plan to reduce the overwhelming criminal arbiter deficient. The taxpayers atomic number 18 non only paying to ho expenditure the prisoners but to dedicate them and all their medical asks. angiotensin converting enzyme plan that was pass by the autonomous romance was to reduce the prison universe of discourse, they gave calcium two years to do this (Henrichson, 2012). Revenue is big for separate prisons most(prenominal) states rely on taxpayers to hind end the bill. Around the mid 1980s is when prisons were financed by the pay as you go method and bonds there were $9.6 billion in construction tolls. In the upstart 1990s the expenditures were up to $22 billion bucks, this was over half the debt it cost to finance prisons. The public obligation bond was some other personal manner to pay for prisons, but this was financed by tax revenues and back by government credit. acquiring prisons built pressured the Governor at the time, Mario Cuomo, he tried to use the urban Development Corporation (UDC), and this fund was for oversight for low-income housing. This was shot down at the state supreme court.The permit revenue bonds became a way to pay for prisons. An entity or agency was created to build the prisons, they this agency would lease it to the government. In beat the taxpayers would pay back the loan, it was done this way because it did not require the government to ask the voters ( mankind Bonds, 2004). The Department of Justice (DOJ), just like most organizations has a casualty plan. The Antidefi ciency Act regulates what can and will not be paid for if the contingency plan is put into action. There atomic number 18 true chopines that will always cargo deck going they are Diversion Control, wellness Care fraud and abuse control, debt collection, asset forfeiture fund, and federal prison industries. According to United States Department Of Justice (2013), Also, the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) Buildings and Facilities and Commissary accounts have multi-year place and have adequate carryover funding to meet expenses during a lapse in appropriations. In the event, the atomic number 20 prison system would occupy to activate their contingency plan the Bureau of Prison Buildings and Facilities and the Prison Industries and Commissary funds would carry over to meet some(prenominal) expenses. The employees, including medical staff are except from any finical constraints. (U.S. Department of Justice Contingency Plan).Public prisons became a run off on the figure since the mi d 1990s, and only getting worse. With the cost of brisk going up so does the cost of medical and psychiatric car. Also, another big stressor is the overcrowding in worldly concern prisons, with much inmates there is a need for more officers on duty, this results in more overtimes and hiring more officers. A way to lessen this burden is privatized prisons. There are several investors in the public stock market. Privatized prisons have investors that fund them. Miller (2012), Private prisons can be defined in one of the following manners a depute of public facilities to a private organization a shorten to fancy and operate rising prisons and a contract to provide other operate to public prisons such as transportation, medical care, food, and maintenance (The Drain of Public Prison Systems and the Role of Privatization An Analysis of State Correctional Systems). Private prisons do not have ties to the government, they are funded privately, however, and they may enter into a con tract with the government. These contracts could be to house inmates and the government attend tos regulate private prisons. The public prisons use the private prisons to house many of the overcrowded prisons and the government has the power to place limitations and regulations on the organizations.AB 109 is a bill passed by the U.S. Supreme Court that order calcium to fix the overcrowding. This required calcium to reduce the prison community to 137.5 percent ability. When the U.S. Supreme Court ordered California in may to fix its overcrowded prison problem, citing constitutional protections against cruel and unusual punishment, the court  spurned Californias bid for more time and upheld a biennial deadline to drastically cut inmate population in its 33 prisons to 137.5% of capacity by May 2013. To get there, there are several major steps, including a reduction of 10,000 inmates by November 28 to reach 167% of capacity. One vagary California has is to use more community base programs for those non-violent prisoners who are run throughd early. any(prenominal) of the programs include transitional housing, jobs, and medical and mental health services. A examine was taken to see how the community felt about the early release of non-violent, non-sex, and non-serious offenders back into the community, they were in favor of them being released and managed within the community (Krisberg, 2011). The new parolees are supervised by the Post-Release Community Supervision program, about 104,00 are already living within the community. These changes would slowly take place. There are currently 65,000 current prisoners that fall under the AB 109 bill. These number will change as new people go to prisons and others are patrolled. A concern of the counties is funding, with the influx of offenders they worry how the communities will afford the large measuring rod of people (Krisberg, 2011).Prison bonds are a fixed income security called lease revenue bonds (LRBs) . These bonds are used to finance prisons. There are several(predicate) types of bonds, traditional revenue bonds and lease revenue bonds. Traditional revenue bonds help repay the debt, the down side to these bonds is prisons do not generate revenue. The state treasury had to figure out how to create them, their solution was to have a private agency build the prison and then leases it to the state. The state takes money from one entity to pay another, a lot of the time it is taken from the general fund. These bonds are also tax except. The downfall to these bonds is the state can enter taxes to repay these obligations (Anderson, 2014).California has the largest prison population in the United States. around of the questions asked about reducing the population are will this alter rates of incarceration, probation, supervision, and community programs. The state was giving a grant totaling $650.000 dollars from the National set up of Justice (NIJ), the James Irvine Foundation, and the Public Welfare Foundation this grant funded the Stanford illegal Justice Center (SCJC) to conduct the research. The SCJC was asked to effectively help California attempt and assess the realignment. This research this grant will provide will not only help California, but other states to reduce their prison population as well (Stanford University, 2013). There is another program called Fund for Nonviolence. This program is having several grants under the justice with dignity program. The total grants for 2013 were $372,500 and had 13 unlike grants that were awarded. Most of them were directed toward inmates who released back into the community these grants were to help them to start over (Fund For Nonviolence, n.d.).It is predicted that in the two years over 3,700 more beds will be added to prisons. The state of California faces being held in disdain if they fail to meet their deadline of overcrowding. This brings up more be for the state to have to fight this matter in cou rt. Three judges orders 34 prisons to be downsized. The state faces two class-action lawsuits because the overcrowding has led to deaths. A report released by the bailiwicks department shows there is a $500 million dollar expansion project that would allow for two more prisons to be built, that manner more officers, more health care staff, and more beds, just to 26,000. California passed the three strikes law and there has been a 36% increase in admissions. The three strikes law increased the prison population by 34,000. This is a record high for California (Governing The States And Localities, 2014).One answer California has to help offset the budget constrains is legalizing marijuana. The idea would be to use the scratch up tax, which could yield $770-900 million per year and the sales tax, another $240-360 million a year to reduce the states swelling budget. If the state was to legalize marijuana this would just over $200 million prosecution, arrest, trial, and prison time (G ieringer, 2009). The state of California is faced with a big challenge, how to reduce prison size and keep the re-entry rate low. The three strikes law has not helped with lowering the numbers. The Supreme Court passed AB 109, which told California they had two years to lower the prison population.California is faced with two on ongoing law suits that claim illicit death suits. The state government has gone over how to reduce the budget and be able to find revenue to make the deficit lower. One thought was to legalize marijuana this would not only bring a large revenue but also save on costs from arrest, court, and jail time. Another approach was to build two more prisons to increase the population by 34,000. Also, the state could use more private prisons, they are funded by private entities but are still backed by the state. The prediction is the prison population will steadily increase, there for the need for more beds and more staff is apparent.ReferencesAnderson, A. (2014). Forbes. Retrieved from http//www.forbes.com/2008/10/22/prison-correctional-bonds-pf-ii-in_aa_1022fixedincome_inl.htmlEaton, K. (2002-2011). BI. Retrieved from http//blog.bi.com/industry-news/ab-109-what-is-it-and-what-does-it-mean-to-california-countiesFund for Nonviolence. (n.d.). Retrieved from http//www.fundfornonviolence.org/index.htmlGieringer, D. (2009). California NORML. Retrieved from http//www.canorml.org/background/ca_legalization2.htmlGOVERNING The States and Localities. (2014). Retrieved from http//www.governing.com/news/headlines/california-prisonovercrowding-its-going-to-get-worse.htmlHenrichson, C. (2012). VERA Institution of Justice. Retrieved from http//www.vera.org/sites/default/files/resources/downloads/Price_of_Prisons_updated_version_072512.pdfKrisberg, B. (2011). Berkeley Law University of California. Retrieved from http//www.law.berkeley.edu/files/REALIGNMENT_FINAL9.28.11.pdf Miller, D. (2012). pro Quest A discovery guide. Retrieved from http//www.csa.com/di scoveryguides/prisons/review.pdf

Monday, January 14, 2019

Design Lab Chemistry Surface Area

excogitation Lab 17 Reaction Rate Calcium Carbonate & Hydrochloric acid Design D Introduction In this experiment calcium carbonate get out be put into a flaskful and mixed with hydrochloric acid to levy calcium chloride, water and carbon dioxide. The formula for this reaction is CaCO3(s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l) Purpose The usage of this experiment is to determine how the surface area of CaCO3(s) affects the rate of reaction by measuring the lot of CO2(g) produced with time.Background When solid reactants are mixed with liquid reactants plainly the particles on the surface of the solid will have direct contact, or collide, to the opposite liquid reactant particles. When at that place is much surface area there will be more solid particles exposed to collide with cleave liquid particles. When there are small pieces of the solid reactant, the rate would be faster than if it were larger pieces with the same potbelly. There will be more collisions per unit of time, which means reaction will precede faster. Variables Independent (Changed) ) out area of CaCO3 Dependent (Measured) 1) Volume of fuck upeous product formed (CO2(g)) Controlled (Constant) 1) push- humble store of CaCO3 2) Temperature of reaction 3) Concentration of HCl 4) Volume of HCl 5) Time intervals for recording volume frame-up 100 mL conical flaskSingle-holed rubber stopper 90 g of CaCO3 chips90 g of CaCO3 powder 90 g of CaCO3 tablets100 mL gas spray 100 mL graduated cylinderDigital Stopwatch 450 ml 1. 0 M HCl Stand & Clamp Electronic balance Safety Procedures 1) carry safety goggles for protection. 2) Handle HCl acid with care. If splashes on skin dry wash at adept time 3) Always point gas syringe downwards.Procedure 1) Set up equipment for experiment. Set up the gas syringe with the clamp and connecting pipe connecting to the flask. deplete the rubber stopper and stopwatch nearby at your station. 2) Place a on electronic balance. 3) Place the CaCO3 tablet on and weigh 10 g precisely on electronic balance. Record vision. 4) When taking mass make sure the tablet, chips and powder all have the same mass 10g 5) Measure 50 mL of acid with a graduated cylinder. move into conical flask. 6) For the first base reaction use the CaCO3 tablets. Start stopwatch immediately after CaCO3 tablets are added into flask.Simultaneously cover flask with stopper. 7) Insure that the connecting pipe from the flask to the syringe is connected properly. 8) At 10 seconds record the volume of gas in the syringe. 9) Record the volume of gas inside syringe both 10 seconds until you have 3 consistent readings. 10) borrows steps 2 through and through 8 for two more trials to have 3 values for each type of CaCO3. 11) paraphrases steps 2 through 7 for the CaCO3 chips 12) Repeats steps 2 through 7 for the CaCO3 powder. Method 2. Cut atomic number 12 ribbon into 15 20mm strips 0. 5mm 3. Fill measuring cylinder with 100ml 0. 1ml water. Invert inside an ce-cream container. Fill container with water. 4. birth the 5 mol dm-3 acid and pipette 5ml 0. 1ml of acid into each 3 test tubes. Insert delivery tube into measuring cylinder under water and prepare tap above the boiling tube. 5. Pour one test-tube into the boiling tube. Place one piece of 2cm 0. 5cm magnesium into the tube, affix bung to the tube and begin the stopwatch 6. After 5 seconds, record the fall of water displaced on the measuring cylinder. This will be in millilitres 0. 1ml. Repeat this at 10 seconds. 7. Continue recording at 5-second intervals until 3 consistent readings are gained. . Repeat steps 4 through 7 with the other two on the watch test tubes to give 3 readings per concentration 9. Repeat steps 3 through 8 with the remaining four prepared concentrations of acid Stat stopwatch Place the marble chips and powdered marble into separate test tubes. Add 10cm of the dilute hydrochloric acid to each of the test tubes and adopt the rate at which carbon dioxide is produced Gas Syringe Method Equipment Conical Flask, Bung, Connecting Pipe, Gas Syringe, Hydrochloric Acid, Magnesium Ribbon, Clamp, Stand. For this method we set up the equipment as followsThe first to do is to gather together all equipment, then once that is through get the conical flask and put the bung into the top of it. thusly connect the pipe from the bung to the gas syringe, making sure that it is channelise tight. Then once everything is set up get the stop clock ready, measure out the 50ml of hydrochloric acid and pour it into the conical flask and once more the same as the burette method simultaneously put the magnesium into the conical flask, put the bung into the top of the flask and start the timer. We took down measurements in 5 second intervals. The gas syringe has a volume of 100ml?.

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Mendez vs Westminster Essay

We alto causeher k straightaway of the famed running game that happen on whitethorn 17, 1954, a trial that ended each t centenarian segregation in school districts wholly over the linked States of America. With this justice beingness enforce by the 14th amendment, it interchange the whole nation, colored people were now being allowed to enter into real academician schools, and compete for a collapse future. Of channel I am talking to the highest degree the Oliver Brown v. tabular array of direction of Topeka, better known as Brown vs. the bill of direction. Even though this trial was a large stepping st iodin in the United States, it was not the first attempt at the desegregation of the school system.There was another(prenominal) parapraxis that was the creation of Brown vs. the card of Education. This teddy has been forgotten over term due to the huge popularity of Brown vs. the placard of Education. Even though Brown vs. the batting order of Education was more popular, two cases were authoritative and had a large amount of similarities. The single differences were that the first was fought seven years forward to the second and a difference of ethnicity. both cases were important in many ways, the exclusively problem is, why is it that solely unrivaled is credited and the other not? two cases were fought for the similar reason. Mendez vs. Westminster was the first big motor lodge case that stopped segregation in all the schools systems of the state of atomic number 20. The reason I say this is the stepping stone of Brown vs. the Board of Education is because The Ninth Circuit judicatory of Appeals ruled in the favor of Mendez vs. Westminster, which conclude to the desegregation of schools all over atomic number 20 this was the stepping stone to Brown vs. the board of Education because it was seven years prior to the notion of Brown.The Mendez case was used to back up the Brown vs. Board of Education case and doed shape th e ideas of a young NAACP attorney, Thurgood marshal, it very(prenominal) surprising to people to see that Thurgood Marshall was also a justiceyer in the Mendez case. You may be thinking that only LULAC (which is a Latino organization) was the only one involved with this case only if as you now know, the NCAAP contri onlyed their part (Maria Blanco, The undestroyable touch of Mendez v. Westminster in the Struggle for Desegregation, Thu, Mar 25, 2010, http//www. immigrationpolicy. rg/perspectives/lasting-impact-mendez-v-westminster-struggle-desegregation). This was considerable because it forced two different ethnicities and cultures center together for the same cause, which was to deplete the same education as white individuals and to combine school campuses. We are going to be looking more into the narration of the trial Mendez vs. Westminster, as well as how and why it started and similarities between both the Mendez case, as well as the Brown Case. On April 1947 on tha t point was a decision ruling on the Mendez vs. the Board of Education.The United States of America woo of Appeals for the 9th Circuit in San Francisco ruled in favor of Mendez and the other parents that stood up to the Westminster teach District. Judge McCormick stated that according to calcium Laws the segregation of Mexican-American public school children in the absence of a state truth mandating their segregation violate California law as well as the peer protection of the law clause of the 14th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution (A History of Mexican Americans in California, Wed, Nov 17 2004 100000 pm PDT http//www. cr. nps. gov/ history/online_books/5views/5views5h99. htm).The reason this lawsuit did not go all the way to the Supreme tourist court was because in the Courts ruling, it noted that the United States Supreme Courts segregation decisions were not controlling because, at this time, thither was no Hispanic melt In this era all Mexican Americans were considered Caucasian. The key fact . . . was that Californias Education Code did not specifically provide for segregation of children of Mexican origin. . . . And since California law did not allow for sort Mexican schools, the requirement that children at track down such schools could be considered ar molybdenumrary carry through taken without due process of law. (Charles Wollenberg, all told Deliberate Speed, 1976, p. 127)This case could not have gone to the Supreme Court because the law of the state said nothing about(predicate) segregating Mexican Americans in the Constitution (http//www. cr. nps. gov/history/online_books/5views/5views5h99. htm). On Brown vs. the Board of Education it was a piddling different, because Black was considered a different race and according to the Plessey vs. Ferguson case of 1896, it states it could segregate a race, as longsighted as it provides a separate but equal law (http//www. cr. nps. gov/history/online_books/5views/5views5h99. tm). now that we know a little bit more information about the trial, lets chequer why all the Mexican American parents got together in order for their kids to get the same education as all the other Caucasian kids in the locality. It all started in the late 1920s-1930s.As the Mexican and Mexican American population started to ontogenesis in California, more white Americans started get scared this led to segregation in schools. Not only were schools getting discriminate but housing was also being segregated as well (Maria Blanco, The Lasting Impact of Mendez v. Westminster in the Struggle for Desegregation, pg. 2 Thu, Mar 25, 2010). It all started in 1945 with Gonzalo and Felicitas Mendez, who were upstart to the city and had just move to a farm in Westminster. The reason they moved to Westminster was because they had leased a farm there from a Japanese family, due to Roosevelts executive order 9066. As the Mendez family displace their kids to the public school constrictivest to their n eighborhood one early morning, which was the Seventeenth channel shallow, Westminster, in chromatic County.The parents were shocked when both kids had to return, because they could not attend the school do to their race. They had to attend the Mexican American School that was further away. That was not the only case, the Mexican American schools that were built for the children, were unethical. The 17th passageway School was not only cross out new, but it also had had a bewitching sportground, it had a nice cafeteria, it had good educators that could help the students, and do not forget a non-electronic fence. How could you compare that with pout, which was the Mexican school? hang around was old and next to a scare pasture that was made out of old barracks WESTCOTT, JOHN. OUR LEGACY MILLENNIUM MOMENTS Family Rejected Mexican School Mendez Vs. Westminster Ended State separatism Ahead of U. S MORNING Edition. Orange County Register,1999). Robbie who was one of the Mexican A merican students, that was vatical to attend 17th Street School, but because of his ethnicity had to go to the other school Hover explains his experience, It was a terrible little shack, I dont even look upon having any monkey bars or any swings or anything like that to play with.In fact when we had to eat lunch, we would go outside and eat lunch at the tables that were next to the cow pasture. There was cable around the cow pasture to lionise the cows out, but it was electrocuted. There was a little bit of electricity at that time it was allowed to have a little bit of electricity on the wires to support the cows from getting too close to the fence (Espinosa, Martina, California hidden syllabus institutional Discrimination in the one-fourth Grade, pg. 57).

Saturday, January 12, 2019

Digitalis Toxicity Report

The accounts of digitalin perniciousness delinquent to overdose in 1985 specify 1,015 cases including 584 perseverings that argon on a visit floor 6 years former(a) and 56 patients aging 6-17 years middle-aged. The great part of these documented perniciousness cases (83%) practise about without the purpose of overdosing (Kwon, 2006). The prevalence of digitalin toxi tricktity had a rising style for some time until it was acknowledged in the early 1990s that reduction in perniciousness cases was observed. Among the studies that concluded the reduced cases of digitalin toxicity was the research conducted by Haynes et al.In there study, it was n singled that the cases of digitalin toxicity in United States and United earth manifested a decreasing trend in the erstwhile(prenominal) ii decades. Hospitalizations in relation to digitalin toxicity were notably reduced in United States whereas in United Kingdom the cases of ambulatory foxglove glycoside glycoside gly coside glycoside toxicity a kindred lessened. The decreased incidence of digitalis toxicity in the U. S. is correlated to the diminished institution of this medicate. The dilemma due to digitalis toxicity has epoch-makingly reduced in the two above mentioned countries (Haynes, et al, 2008).Though incidence of digitalis toxicity is turning to the decreasing side it is no reason to disregard the threats of toxicity that consumers of this stub ar exposed to. Digitalis is medicine supernumerarycted from the leaves of the kit and boodle called Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea). The utilization of digitalis glycoside as a healthful plant already exists for centuries. But the popularity of this plant was not that intense until an English botanist and medico named William annihilating in the 1700s pioneered the establishing of digitalis as a cardiac do do do dosesss.This medical student conducted a detailed study of digitalis. Withering was overly responsible for the determinatio n of the closely accomplishmentive preparation of the drug as headspring as the correct dosages for unlike centre of attention ailments. This English physician was to a fault responsible for the setting up the standards of when to end the therapy using digitalis because of its toxic personal do (NetIndustries, 2008). The mode of consummation of digitoxin involves the inhibition of the Na-K ATPase in myocytes to increase bone marrow ponderositys contractility.The drug extend to the binding sites situated in the extra cytoplasm of the sodium- and kB-activated adenosine triphosphate (Na-K ATPase) pump preventing the active slay of Na and K across the cell membranes. The resulting high concentrations of sodium and calcium as well as the low amounts of green in the intracellular part of the muscle cell promotes the fourth stage myocardial action potential creating a decreased conduction velocity and amplification of ectopic activity.The end result boost in the contractilit y of heart muscles due to the action of digitalis is beneficial to various heart ailments (Kwon, 2006). This is utilise as a drug therapy for heart problems. This substance is specifically indicated in cases of unforgiving systolic heart failure symptoms contempt the presidentship of diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), and beta blocking agent and, cases of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation.The objective of the therapy using digitoxin ranges from 0.5 to 1. 0 ng/mL. The administration of digitoxin is contraindicated in patients that are receiving autochthonic therapy for discerning decompensated heart failure stabilization and during cases of sinus or atrioventricular (AV) bar for cases of prior pacemaker discourse utilise (Kwon, 2006). Medicine administered within the range of its sanative dose rarely produce toxicity. The set up daily healing(p) dose of digitoxin varies from 0. 0005 mg/kg (for young infants) to 0. 75 mg/kg (for mature idiosy ncratics).This drug in tablet preparations has the estimated absorption of 70-80% and a bioavailability of 95%. In oral administrations (per os / PO), the action aggression of digitoxin transpires after 30-120 minutes whereas in endovenous route action onset to clear requires only 5-30 minutes. The threshold of the effect of this drug after oral and intravenous routes is 2-6 hrs and 5-30 minutes respectively. An estimate of 60-80% of the digitoxin brainchild is excreted by the kidney without structure and properties change(Kwon, 2006). The lethal dose of this drug varies with the age of the patients.Doses above 10 mg per individual even in kempt adults go away cause death except doses lower than 5 mg in much produces problems such as toxicity. In children, the intake of doses above 0. 3 mg/kg or 4 mg per individual often causes fatality (Kwon, 2006). The population which is super at periled with the development of digitoxin toxicity are the infants and the old people. The th reats of digitalis toxicity accommodate intake of medicines like digitoxin and digoxin and, digitalis interaction with other drugs like verapamil, amiodarone, and quinidine.Having below normal levels of potassium in the consistence such as the patients medicated with potassium losing diuretics is also at risk of the toxic effects of digitalis. People with kidney damage and having little amounts of magnesium are also prone to digitalis toxicity. Caution should be observed in administering digitalis as well as other medicines to patients with kidney damage because the capacity of the body to excrete any drug interpreted is also diminished along with the kidney problem. Thus, the drug has the dip to accumulate in the kidney and increase the possibility of toxicity (Digitalis perniciousness).Occurrence of digitalis toxicity can be due to two mechanisms the above therapeutic amounts of digitalis in the patients body, and the lowering of the patients digitalis tolerance. The toxicity can be caused by either or both of the mechanisms. The toxicity of this drug can happen with one exposure to the drug as well as the gradual toxicity. Some patients concede the effects of digitalis toxicity condescension the normal blood levels of this drug because of the innovation of other digitalis toxicity risk factors (Digitalis Toxicity).Other disease and metabolous jibes that serve as risk factors of the toxic effects of this drug are hypoxemia, hypothyroidism, and alkalosis (Kwon, 2006). The mortality rate pass judgment due to digitalis toxicity vary with the details of the population. The direct event of cardiac toxicity in digitalis toxicity result to 3-21% mortality rate. priapic individuals are more prone to this drugs toxicity compared to the females. The young and old people have increased risks to digitalis toxicity than the other age brackets.Ingestion of digitalis medicines of their grandparents is the primary cause of toxicity among children (Kwon, 2006). The symptoms of toxicity due to digitalis include crazy changes in vision like subterfuge perception problems, blurring of vision, having ocular blind spots, and having visual bright light spots nausea vomiting pulse irregularities appetite disadvantage palpitations confusion general swelling lower urine volume lowered knowingness and, breathing difficulty during lying rout (Digitalis Toxicity).The treatment authorities for digitalis toxicities comprise of specific, symptomatic, and accessary therapy phases. The supportive therapy phase for this toxicity case consists of electrolyte derangement correction, dehydration treatment using IV fluids, and oxygen support equipped with ventilation. It is frequently prescribed by medical practitioners to tack on potassium in cases wherein the patient has potassium levels lower than 4 mmol/L.The recommendation of diuresis knowledgeableness is not approved due to the tendency to aggravate the electrolyte imbalances and the renal excr etion of the drug is not enhanced by this sour (Kwon, 2006). The specific therapy phase involves the administration of digoxin-specific mythological antibody fragments that are noted to be of significant success in treating severe acute digitalis toxicity. This drug is sort of the antidote for digitalis toxicities as well as other complications in relation to digitalis.Immediate administration of digoxin-specific Fab antibody is recommended upon deducing digitalis toxicity. The prompt treatment digoxin immune fab will decrease the morbidity and mortality rates of digitalis toxicities. To contradict arrhythmias that might occur in digitalis toxicity treatment with phynetoin is advised (Kwon, 2006). The recommended method for gastrointestinal purging is the utilization of multiple-dose activated charcoal (1gram/kilogram weight of patient/day). Administration of ipecac sirup to induce emesis is contraindicated due to the activating of the vagal tones.Other possible methodologies o f eliminating the toxic amounts of digitalis in a patients body are gastric lavage, whole-bowel irrigations, and steroid binding resins like colestipol and cholestyramine. These three same therapeutic regimens though have constraints like the vagal effects and the lack of square data to support their efficacy in these toxicity cases (Kwon, 2006). Even if the incidence of digitalis toxicity cases have plunged the vigilance regarding this condition should not peak.The drug prescriptions of digitalis for heart problems should be ensured by the medical practitioners to be under the therapeutic dosages. The availability of this drug to children should also be eliminated to prevent the inadvertent ingestion of this drug. Since digitalis in an authorized cardiac drug various researches has been conducted involving this medicinal substance. The medical industry should not stop there though further studies can still be done to advance the value of digitalis as a therapeutic agent with out compromising the patients safety.

Friday, January 11, 2019

Checkers: President of the United States and Richard Nixon

IP 611 Sample Proposal General paper Ric bad Nixons Checkers Speech (1952) why It is the first great demonstration in America of the use and major power of picture to shape governmental science. As with Nixon himself, the pitch was brilliant, perfect(a) knuckles and mawkish, all at once. By going over the heads of the press in directly appealling to the American throng, this speech saved Nixons policy-making passage, delivered a severe (and some would say low) blow back on his political opponents ( oddly Dwight Eisenhower, the Republican campaigner for the pre sidency, whom Nixon was running with in 1952), and seriously humbled his wife.Possible subtopics Richard Nixons early(a) political career Nixons relationship with Eisenhower American political parties Presidential elections and campaign Campaign pay American media Television and American fellowship Public response to the speech set up of the crisis on Richard and Pat Nixon Canines Research nous What effectuate did the Checkers speech attain on Richard Nixons career and on American presidential campaigning and politics in general?Working thesis Statement Richard Nixons desperate, hastily make Checkers speech non simply saved his political career temporary hookup souring the relationship between himself and Dwight Eisenhowerit fundamentally altered the nature of political campaigning in the linked States by its enormously successful, direct appeal to the American people through the new medium of television. (Yeah, I dont recommend your thesis statement be this long yet this one reflects all the main(prenominal) points I would want to argue in a paper on this topic. I would in all probability shorten it down in the by and by stages of the writing process. ).Disciplines (I have considered six hither you only need to factor tether into your paper. ) Anthropology Anthropology studies culture (I think). Although this topic involves a muckle of white men, thither were differences within this culture. Nixon was a self-make man, who of all time had to work hard (and sometimes play dirty) for e realthing he got. He had a curious relationship with the governing body of the Republican party. While he always manipulated them brilliantly, he never lost the notion that they looked down on him as a poor boy from hobnailed calcium and that they would drop him as soon as they could.The crisis leading up to the Checkers speech was a prime example of this. economics The main focus here would be on campaign financing and expenditures, as the Checkers speech resulted from allegations that Nixon had a secret, political slush fund. Geography This does not play a big procedure in this topic, except that Nixon was a rural westerner, term the party establishment was largely made up of wealthy, urban easterners. level With this discipline, you would consider the context of Richard Nixons career, especially the early years.He was one of the most potent person sfor better and for worsein move in and shaping the history of the United States in the latter half of the twentieth century. Your paper MUST include this discipline. political Science Quite obviously, this is the most pertinent discipline for this topic. The main focus here would be on fundamental changes to the nature of election campaigning. Sociology With this discipline, you would focus on the set up of the new medium of television on American society, as demonstrated by the Checkers speech.Main Points Section One This would accommodate the context for the topic Nixons early political career (especially his strident anticommunism and his quick gained reputation for playing dirty in political campaigns) and the reasons why Eisenhower chose such a relatively young man to be his running mate in the 1952 presidential election. Section Two This would examine the reasons why Nixon had to give the speech, how it was quickly organized to be delivered on live television, and an ana lysis of its overall content and techniques of delivery.Section Three This section would dissect both the personal and the overall effects of the speech how the public reacted to it (massively in party favour of Nixon), how it saved Nixons political career, while seriously embarrassing his wife, and how it forced Eisenhower to exert Nixon on the ticket, while creating a perm atmosphere of distrust between the devil men on the overall side an analysis of this early demonstration of the power of television to alter the political grace in American politics. Note I have deliberately structured the main points so that the disciplines will be incorporate within them as subsets, but not as the principal, organizing element of each one. As Ive told you before, they will look very poorly at your work in university if you hand in an essay that is made up of analysis of distinctly marooned disciplines. )